Bear begins to chew its own limbs
in an attempt to free itself from the pain
A weak and ailing bear in a painful harness
Bear cage does not allow bear to have free movement
Tragic life in a cage so small the
bear cannot stand up or turn around. Injuries develop to the head, paws and back from
the repeated rubbing on the cage bars.
Each day, hundreds of bears are surgically mutilated for their gall bile
on bear farms in China.
On most farms, surgery to enable bile extraction is
carried out by farm owners with no veterinary training.
During illness, drugs are sometimes administered, but when they are not effective, bears are commonly left to die.
Chinese specialists in bear farming techniques inform that for every two successful bile fistula implantations, there are another two or three bear deaths due to complications and infections.
During bile milking, the bears show signs of severe distress. Moaning and banging of heads against the cage is common, while some bears were seen to chew their own paws.
Between the ages of five and ten, bears may stop producing bile. They are then put in another cage, where they wait, either until death comes through sickness or starvation, or they are killed for their paws and gall bladders.
Recent developments show that approximately 9,000 bears are kept for bear bile farming.
The Chinese government has steadfastly refused to bow to public and international
pressure to stop this horrendous cruelty and close these farms. In fact, across China more than 10,000 moon bears remain in tiny cages never feeling the sun on their backs or grass under their feet. They can be kept like this for up to 30 years. This cruel practice continues despite the availability of many effective and affordable alternatives.
product availability ...
Over the course of the past three years, WSPA and member societies have
surveyed hundreds of shops and companies in eight countries. A wide variety of
products were found including manufactured bear bile medicines, bear bile
powder, and bear gall bladders. Illegal bear products were most readily
available in the U.S. (91%), Malaysia (78%), Japan (77%), and Singapore (74%),
closely followed by Canada (67%), Indonesia (62%), Australia (49%) and Taiwan
Is Bear Bile on your shelf or in your diet?
In recent years, there has been a dramatic growth in the production of bear bile products,
which has spawned a market for a whole new range of items far removed from
the formulations of traditional Chinese medicine. Today, bile is used as an ingredient in
shampoo, wine, eye drops and all manner of pre-prepared ointments. In 1999, bottles of bear bile wine were even handed out as gifts for passengers on internal flights.
are many alternatives to Bear Bile
There are many alternatives to bear bile on the market,
containing the active constituent
found in bear bile: UrsoDeoxyCholic Acid (UDCA). It is estimated that 100,000 kg of synthesised
UDCA is already being consumed each year in China, Japan and South Korea,
and that the world consumption may be double this figure.
Many Chinese practitioners also state that there are at least 75 herbal alternatives that can replace the use of bear bile.
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Email Ambassador Guy Saint-Jacques,
The Embassy of Canada in Beijing, China.
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